Krav-Maga in Hebrew means "close combat", it combines self-defense and hand-to-hand combat. It is a discipline that combines simplicity and efficiency that has been adopted by all the Israeli armed forces, including some specialized French and American units.
Krav Maga allows its practitioners, through various parry techniques against a wide variety of attacks, to be able to defend themselves against an attack while avoiding injury.
Hand to hand combat teaches a way to quickly and effectively neutralize an aggressor through different combinations of attacks, feints while taking into account the psychological dimension of the fight to strengthen his mind and his ability to manage dangerous, even hostile, situations in a state of stress.
Krav-Maga is a modern method of self-defense using natural, logical and easy techniques, all based on the movements of the human body.
Krav-Maga was created in a country that has always been at war. This has allowed us to constantly improve this discipline, a complete self-defense method.
The movements of the krav-maga are short and fast. Simplicity is decisive, and can be practiced by everyone at any age.
No aesthetic consideration, priority to efficiency. The goal: to be able to leave any dangerous situation alive and intact.
Created by Imi LICHTENFELD (1910-1998), born in Czechoslovakia, practising many sports including boxing and wrestling in competitions.
In 1948, with the creation of Tsahal, Imi became chief instructor of Krav Maga in the army until 1964, when he retired.
In 1964, retired from the army, he opened his first civilian section in Natanya, structured Krav Maga techniques, and adapted them to the needs of the different corps: civilians, military and police.
He began to form his first group of students, including Elie Aviksar, Haim Zut and Raphi El Grissy.
It should be noted that Imi taught Krav Maga to civilians in kimono uniforms and introduced a graduation program with belts.
In 1971, Elie Avikzar was Imi's first black belt and one of his best students. A great friendship bound the two men until their death.
Evolution of Krav-Maga
Eli AVIKZAR (1947-2004),
Immigrated to Israel in 1963 without a penny in his pocket with only one baggage, a rich experience of street fighting in his city Casablanca. Eli Avikzar began training with Imi Lichtenfeld, the founder of Krav Maga in November 1964 at the Netanya Institute and became the main instructor.
At that time, there was no specific rank or dress so students trained in military dress.
In 1965, Imi added judo classes to the Krav Maga curriculum and prominent teachers such as Gadi Skornik and Amos Grinsphen became Eli's judo teachers.
At the same time, Eli decided to study karate and jujitsu as well. In 1968, Eli Avikzar began to learn aikido and thanks to his rapid progress, received his brown belt in Paris in 1971. Shortly before, he had received his black judo belt and the first black belt in Krav history
Maga, handed over by Imi, January 5, 1971.
Upon his return from France, Eli began working as an instructor with Imi in the Netanya and Tel Aviv training centres. They also trained special units and volunteer army units (Tsahal). In 1977, Eli passed his black belt in aikido to the European Aikido Federation in Germany.
In 1974, Imi Lichtenfeld retired and gave Eli Netanya's training center. In 1976, Eli joined the army as director of the Krav Maga section.
The place of Krav Maga in military training has increased significantly following the arrival of Eli Avikzar in this position. More courses were given and each instructor was obliged to learn Krav Maga and teach it.
The improvement of Krav Maga in the Israeli army was the result of the development of civilian methods and exercises. As it is accepted and implemented
professionalization, Krav Maga has proven its effectiveness in combat units.
Eli continued to develop Krav Maga within Tsahal until his retirement in 1987. On that date, it trained 85,000 male and 12,000 female soldiers.
In 1978 the Krav Maga federation was established. As an active member of the judo federation, Eli Avikzar helped to establish the professional committees and ranks of the new federation.
In 1979, Eli appointed his first two instructors (black belt): Avi Avisidon and Eyal Yanilov.
In 1981, Eli went to the United States with Imi and some instructors for a 45-day stay, partly to raise funds. Following this trip, in 1983, the first group of Americans arrived in Israel for three weeks of instructor training. In 1984, the Krav Maga Federation awarded two American students, Allen Feldman and Darren Levine, the rank of black belt.
In 1985, Eli went to the United States as a representative of the Krav Maga Federation and then returned to give his first training at the Los Angeles Police Department.
The various improvements Eli Avikzar has made to Krav Maga have transformed this "technique" into a new, parallel method. In 1987, Eli withdrew from the Krav Federation
Maga and forms the KAMI, Israëli Krav Magen Association with the agreement of Imi.
KAMI is recognized by the Israeli Ministry of Education, the Wingate Institute, Wingate College, Physical Education Teachers and is used by many security forces
in the world.
In 1996, Eli received his 8th dan and a co-founding diploma, the first awarded by Imi Lichtenfeld and in 1999, the recognized professionals of the KAMI as well as the most senior students, the institutes of physical education, eminent professors from different disciplines and the official authorities awarded him the 10th dan.
Eli's contribution to Krav Maga, both technically and in terms of specific pedagogical tools (for civilians and the military), is undeniable.